“At the heart of the sky cyclone tearing the sky is a place of Central Calm”
Cyclones are spiral wind systems rotating around a strong center of low pressure. They occur due to severe transfer of heat between the ocean and the land surface, which creates turbulence of pressure difference between hot and cold air. Cyclones are accompanied by excessive rainfall, thunderstorm, and severe cyclonic wind speeds.
Cyclones are classified and dependent on various factors worldwide, but in India, they are mainly classified on the basis of:
- Strength of associated wind systems
- Storm Intensity
- Exceptional Changes in Rainfall Patterns
Cyclones are catastrophic events of nature that cause severe damage and loss of lives through their course. Let’s see some of the cyclones that occurred in India in the last decade.
Cyclones Experienced in India in the Past Decade are:
Cyclone Tauktae (May 2021)
Cyclone Tauktae was an Extremely Severe Cyclonic Strom of category 4 that was experienced in India in the year 2021. The Cyclone originated due to low pressure in the Arabian Sea and had a wind speed of 150 to 275 km/hour. It affected various places in Maharashtra and Gujarat. As a result of this strong cyclone, 174 people died and many went missing. The states also encountered the damage of $2.1 billion.
Cyclone Nivar (November 2020)
Cyclone Nivar was a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm of category 1 that originated in the North Indian Ocean. It affected Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Puducherry on 25th November. The wind speed of Nivar was 120 to 130 km/hour. As a result, there were a total of 14 fatalities and around $600 million in damage in the affected states.
Cyclone Burevi (November 2020)
India experienced Cyclone Burevi by the end of 2020. It was originated long back in 2014 due to intense depression in the North Indian Ocean. Burevi was a Tropical Cyclone having a wind speed of 75 to 85 km/hour. The cyclone hit Tamil Nadu and Kerala and the casualty of this storm was minimal as only 6 people died.
Cyclone Nisarga (June 2020)
Cyclone Nisarga was formed on the West coast of India on June 1 2020 and was dissipated by June 4 2020. It was originated in the Arabian Sea and is considered a Severe Cyclonic storm of category 1. The average wind speed of Nisarga was 140 km per hour. It affected Maharashtra and lead to 6 deaths in total.
Cyclone Amphan (May 2020)
In 2020, the most powerful tropical cyclone Amphan hit Eastern India in the month of May. It was a Super Cyclonic Storm of category 5 and was formed in the Bay of Bengal. It caused huge damage in West Bengal, Orissa, and the Andaman Islands, leading to the death of 128 people and huge damage of $13.7 billion to the coastal areas. The wind speed was ranging from 240 km/hour to 260 km/hour.
Cyclone Bulbul (November 2019)
On 2nd November 2019, the tropical cyclone Bulbul was formed over the southern Bay of Bengal. It was a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm of category 3. The wind speed of Bulbul was 140 to 195 km/hour, as a result of which 41 people died and destroyed many shelters in Orissa, West Bengal, and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Cyclone Vayu (June 2019)
India experienced Cyclone Vayu in June 2019 due to low pressure in the Arabian Sea. It was a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm of category 3, having a wind speed of 150 to 185 km/hour. It affected Maharashtra and Gujarat and caused 8 deaths and a damage of $140,000.
Cyclone Fani (April 2019)
On 26th April 2020, due to a strong tropical depression in the Indian Ocean, Cyclone Fani hit the Eastern Indian states. Fani was an Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm of category 5. The wind speed of Fani was very high at 215 to 280 km/hour due to the hit it killed 89 people and caused damage of $8.1 billion. The states that got severely affected by Fani are Orissa, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and the Eastern part of India.
Cyclone Gaja (November 2018)
Cyclone Gaja was the result of intense depression over the Bay of Bengal formed on November 10, 2018. It was a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm of category 1, having a wind speed of 130 to 140 km/hour. The cyclone affected Tamil Nadu and Kerala, causing the death of 45 people and huge damage.
Cyclone Titli (October 2018)
India experienced the tropical cyclone Titli in 2018. It was originated as a result of intense depression in the North Indian Ocean and is classified as a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm of category 3. The wind speed of Titli was 150 to 195 km/hour. It affected Indian states like West Bengal, Orissa, and Northern Andhra Pradesh, causing 85 deaths and damage of $920 million.
Cyclone Ockhi (November 2017)
Cyclone Ockhi was the most intense and strongest tropical cycling of 2017 and was originated in the Arabian Sea. It was a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm of category 3, having a wind speed of 155 to 185 km/hour. The states affected by Ockhi were Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra, and Gujarat. Due to the high intensity of the storm, around 318 people died and 141 went missing.
Cyclone Vardah (December 2016)
Cyclone Vardah was the most severe tropical cyclone as well as the fourth cyclonic storm of the 2016 North Indian Cyclone Season. It was a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm of Category 2, originating in the Malay Peninsula (South-East Asia) it had a wind speed of 130 to 155 km/hr. The states affected by Vardah were Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Andhra Pradesh. The Intensity was so severe that it caused the death of 47 people and financial damage of $3.38 billion.
Cyclone Roanu (May 2016)
Cyclone Roanu was a relatively weak tropical cyclone that originated in the Western Part of the Bay of Bengal. It had a wind speed of 72 to 97 km/hr. The affected states were Orissa, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, and the East Coast of India. Roanu affected the lives of 135 people, out of which 99 were missing. It also caused financial damage of $2.13 billion.
Cyclone Komen (July 2015)
Cyclone Komen was an unusual tropical cyclone that took place on the Southern Coast of Bangladesh. It was classified as Category 1 cyclone storm that was formed due to Monsoon Depression. The Cyclone moved through a wind speed of 75 to 85 km/hr, affecting the areas of West Bengal and its coastline. It had an intense impact on human life as it leads to the death of 100-120 people and also caused damage to livestock and destroyed houses in West Bengal. It also caused floods in several areas of West Bengal and Odisha.
Cyclone Hudhud (October 2014)
Cyclone Hudhud was a strong Tropical Cyclone that originated in The Andaman Sea. It was classified as an Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm under Category 4 of Cyclone intensity scale. During its course, it had a wind speed of 185 to 215 km/hr till its intensity reduced. The affected states of India that suffered due to this cyclone were Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, and Andaman islands. It recorded a total fatality of 124 deaths and several missing. It also caused financial damage of $3.58 billion.
Cyclone Madi (December 2013)
Cyclone Madi was a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm referenced under Category 1 of Storm Intensity. It had originated from the south of India in the Bay of Bengal. It had wind Speeds of 120 km/hr and the damage was minimal. Although it affected areas of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Odisha there was no report of extreme or very severe death or damage.
Cyclone Lehar (November 2013)
Cyclone Lehar was a Very severe tropical cyclonic System that was classified as Category 4 tropical Cyclone. The origins of this storm can be traced back to a low-pressure area formed in The South China Sea, resulting in the formation of winds of 140 km/hr or 85 miles/hr. The cyclone mainly affected the States of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, and especially the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Although there were no severe conditions of extreme rainfall in the islands and the missing of several fishermen were reported.
Cyclone Phailin (October 2013)
Cyclone Phailin, a part of the 2013 pacific typhoon and the North Indian Cyclone Seasons, was classified under Category 5 of Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm. It had a wind speed of 215 to 260 km/hr. It affected the states of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra and Odisha. In addition, it caused the death of 45 people and a loss of $4.26 billion.
Cyclone Viyaru/Mahasen (May 2013)
Cyclone Viyaru, operationally known as Cyclone Mahasen, was a relatively Weak Tropical Cyclonic Storm categorized under Category 1 of the cyclone intensity scale. The Cyclone’s origin can be traced back to an area of low pressure in the Southern Bay of Bengal. Until its dissipation, it had a wind speed of 85 km/hr. The states affected were West Bengal, Odisha, and Andhra Pradesh. It caused severe storms and rainfall in areas like Vishakhapatnam, Balasore, and fatalities of 107 people including 7 missings.
Cyclone Nilam (October 2012)
Cyclone Nilam was one of the most terrible cyclones affecting South India after damage taken by Cyclone Jal in 2010. The Cyclone was categorized as a Tropical Cyclone Storm originating from a low-pressure area in the Bay of Bengal with wind speeds of 85 to 100km/hr. Although its impact was limited to South India, it also affected areas of Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, and the eastern coastline. The fatalities suffered was the death of 75 people in Andhra and Tamil Nadu. It also caused severe rainfall and floods; the economic loss was around $56.7 million.
Cyclone Thane (December 2011)
Cyclone Thane was the strongest tropical cyclone of 2011. It was regarded as a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm under Category 2 of Cyclone intensity. Its origination can be traced back due to the development of the monsoon trough to the West of Indonesia. It had wind speeds of 140 to 165 km/hr. It affected regions of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Puducherry, resulting in the death of 48 people, several missing and accompanied by floods and extreme rainfall. It also resulted in an economic loss of $235 million.
We hope you like our blog and learned about the various Cyclones that were experienced by India in the past decade. Stay tune with Blogger Bunny for more informative blogs. Also, visit our blog Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on India
Written By our Bunnies
Tathagata & Sweta Sen