The world health organization announced the outburst of a public health emergency of international concern in January 2020. It was declared a pandemic in March 2020. The deadly pandemic was due to Covid-19 virus. The year 2020 has become a historical year. It gave us a dark circumstance as well as many changes of which we could think before. We know the story of the 1920 plague and used to imagine what the situation was like at that time. But now we all have seen the year like 1920 which is 2020. What was and what is Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on India? Some were negative and some were positive impacts. First, let’s go in a little flashback.

First outbreak – Wuhan China

Virus strain – severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2).

The common question – When Should We Expect To Have The COVID-19 Vaccine?

“The most negative word in 2020: positive.

The Coronavirus evolution

Scientist first identified the human coronavirus in 1965. After a decade, they found a group of similar human and animal viruses and named them the Coronavirus.

The SARS emerged in southern China in 2002 and quickly spread to 28 countries.

A small outbreak in 2004 involved only four symptoms of fever, headache and respiratory problems. Likewise, in 2012 MERS originated in Saudi Arabia and once again, all the symptoms were the same.

After 7 years, 2019 again set off a global pandemic named coronavirus (Covid-19).

Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on India: Multiple Sectors Disrupted

As we know, the whole world is affected by covid-19 & India is one of the most affected countries in the world. The government imposed a lockdown in late march to combat the spread of the coronavirus. With six-month closure, India had the second-highest number of cases in the world. 

Health care sector

The health care sector was the core of the pandemic. Lack of medical facilities, health care infrastructure & PPE kits was the biggest challenge. Due to the rising Covid-19 cases, shortage of protection equipment and hospital beds became challenging.

GDP decline

In the first quarter of the financial year of 2021, India’s GDP fell by 23.9%. The pandemic had shut down several businesses and industries. Hence, the GDP contracted. 


According to CMIE monitoring, in the Indian economy, approximately 28 Million employees lost their jobs during April –August. From August to November, about 50% of the people lost their job and got frustrated.

Suicide rate

This pandemic has influenced people’s mental health as well. According to the data researchers,  over 30000 non-corona virus death reported in India from March to May was due to stress. Moreover, the year 2020 also recorded the highest number of suicide cases.

Tourism and travel

Indian travel & tourism is one of the most affected sectors by the coronavirus, according to the CII (Confederation of Indian industry). 

Education sector 

The pandemic has also disturbed the education sector. The schools, colleges & universities have remained closed for the last ten months. The students are struggling with the challenge of online classes. Later, as per the guidelines, with unlocking 4.0 from September, students of class 9th to12th were allowed to attend the schools.

Street vendors 

Lockdown hit the livelihoods of the street vendors hard because they depend on the public. So, during the lockdown due to the absence of people, they lost their source of income. As a result, many were not able to feed their families.


During the lockdown, Indian railways were shut down from March. As V K Yadav said during the web conference on July 28th, the railways incurred revenue loss up to rupees 35,000 crores from passenger train segment.

Apart from these, we saw a rise in crimes against women. The Pandemic and Inequality were very much evident with crimes against women, starving migrant workers, ill-treated poor people, and so on.

The brighter side of the pandemic

1 – Education has become affordable and digitalized.

2 – Hygienic lifestyle.

3 – Strengthened relationship with the family.

4 – Pollution-free Environment.

Well, every coin has two faces. Countries are still fighting this pandemic but we surely will overcome it soon. So, hence, look forward and focus on their brighter side. These were my two cents on the impact of the covid-19 pandemic in India.

“Stay physically distant but socially connected, stay safe.”