“I am high on life, bro!” … How often have you heard this or said this? Well, Marijuana is an amazing plant storing even more amazing facts!
Marijuana is a type of drug that comes from a plant called cannabis. In other words, it comes from Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) chemical, which makes you high, people often use it to get pleasure. It is a commonly used psychotropic drug in the USA after alcohol. It has other drug names like weed, pot, dope, grass. You can also:
- Smoke it from a pot
- Or vape it,
- Drink it,
- Eat it as an ingredient in a food,
- A beverage like tea,
Various numbers of doctors also prescribe it for particular medical symptoms and conditions. Its tremendous effect hits both your brain and your body each differently. It also damages the health of an individual and could be addictive as well. It has both positive and negative sides, usually depends upon the person’s dosage and the reason for taking it.
Common side effects of Marijuana:
- Causes Red eye
- Weakens your immune system
- Paces your heartbeat
- Causes lung irritation and can worsen lung problem
- Pain relief
- Affects tumor growth
- Can damage/slow down the development of the teenage brain
Other side effects of marijuana consumption are:
Impair your brain
It has a short-term and long-term effect, as well, on your brain. Marijuana can make your brain harder to focus, and remember things, has a short-term effect of about 24 hours after you stop smoking.
It has more effect on the teenage brain because the teenage brain is still developing, and marijuana can harm its development- Certainly why the legal smoking age is 21 or above. Results have shown that marijuana can slow the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. Tests have shown that some people who smoke marijuana have lower IQ levels than normal people.
Risk of Depression
There is no such evidence that proves that smoking marijuana can depress you (it’s just that people who are depressed smoke pot), but research is also going on that it may treat depression. However, long-term use of marijuana can increase the risk of depression, can intensify your anxiety, fear, distrust, or panic. Intense anxiety is the most common side effect of all.
May Harm your Heart
Marijuana makes your heartbeat rate faster by 20-50 beats per minute, a normal heart beats about 50 to 70 per minute, and marijuana can make the heartbeat about 70 to 120 minutes for about 3 hours. It makes your heart work harder. If you are older or already have a heart problem, then it is dangerous for you. Marijuana can also cause a heart attack or stroke. It can also lead to arterial clots that occur when you have a blood clot in your artery. Its symptoms are severe pain, paralysis of parts of the body.
Marijuana and Psychosis
Heavy usage of Marijuana and exposure at a young age can cause psychosis. Studies have found that young people can develop psychosis illness if they are using it from the early stage, while adults with long-term usage may start feeling minor psychosis, which are delusions, hallucinations, and a loss of sense of personal identity. Many studies have also shown that marijuana in teens can increase the chances of worsening the symptoms of psychosis mental illness.
Variety of ways to use Marijuana
- Rolled cigarettes (joints)
- Small handheld pipes
- Water pipes called a bong
- A cigar that is hollow from inside and refilled with marijuana together called a blunt
- Pot mix with brownies, cookies, candy, tea, and other foods.
Intake of marijuana by eating or drinking has a slow effect because it goes through your digestive system so, it may take around 30 minutes to 2 hours to get high. Edibles have a much more strong effect than smoke or vape weed, it can last up to 8 hours.
Other Physical Effects
- Breathing problems: smoking marijuana irritates the lungs in the same way as smoking tobacco, and frequent use of marijuana can lead to breathing problems. It includes breathing problems like daily cough and phlegm and a higher risk of lung infection.
- Problem with child development during and after pregnancy: Usage of marijuana during the time of pregnancy can cause pregnant women nausea. Consumption of it linked to lower birth weight of babies and increases the risk of brain problems as well as behavioral problems in babies.
- Intense nausea and vomiting: Long-term usage of marijuana can cause the development of Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome to some people. Due to this syndrome, people experience severe nausea, vomiting, and dehydration.
It is not all bad
- When cannabidiol hits your brain, it releases the chemical dopamine that makes you feels good. It comes under the brain’s reward system. Which makes you feel good when you do things to make sure your survival or your offspring. Eating food and having sex are part of it.
- A 2003 study showed, that marijuana can prevent epileptic seizures.
- Robert J. DeLorenzo of Virginia Commonwealth University experimented. He gave marijuana extract to epileptic rats, which rid the rat’s seizure for about 10 hours.
- Marijuana slows the growth of Alzheimer’s disease. Based on a study conducted by Kim Janda, of the Scripps Research Institute.
- A 2006 study by Molecular Pharmaceutics suggests that THC in marijuana slows the creation of amyloid plaques. It does so, by hindering the enzyme in the brain that makes them. These plaques kill the brain cell and are the reason causing Alzheimer’s.
- Studies have suggested that patients who are suffering from inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis could get benefit from the consumption of marijuana.
- Researchers at the University of Nottingham in 2010 found that THC and cannabidiol like chemicals in marijuana, interact with cells in the body that play a crucial role in gut function and immune system.
Can Marijuana cure Cancer?
In 2007, it was reported by researchers at California pacific medical center in San Francisco. That a chemical called cannabidiol, prevents cancer from spreading. A study conducted by Molecular Cancer Therapeutics has found that Cannabidiol stops cancer by turning off a gene called Id-1. Researchers first studied the breast cancer cells, which have these Id-1 genes in it, and then treated it with cannabidiol. Results were amazing, they found that after the treatment cells had decreased Id-1 expression and were less spreader.
The link between a smoking weed and cancer in the lungs, head, or neck is still unclear. Some degree of evidence proposes that heavy consumption of marijuana can lead to testicular cancer. Research has been going on to find out whether it leads to other cancers.