PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) is a hormonal problem that affects women during their reproductive years. One in 10 women has PCOS. PCOS is a common problem and a major cause of infertility in the women of the present world.  It causes an imbalance of hormones in the female body. There are several reasons why PCOS is a common problem that women face.

In general, a female has both male and female hormones, but the female hormones dominate. This gives women desirable feminine traits. In the case of PCOS, the levels of male hormones increase in the female’s body, due to which there is an imbalance of hormones. This causes various problems like – irregular menstrual cycles, facial hair, acne. It, also, increases the risk of other health problems, like diabetes and high blood pressure, infertility, mood changes, and, even sometimes, dark skin or excess skin tags on neck or armpit.

PCOS affects overall health and appearance of the affected women. They suddenly start getting more body hair and facial hair, which often makes them feel insecure. An irregular period is one of the most obvious symptoms observed in the case of PCOS. This is, again, a very major issue. 

What are the symptoms?

  1. Infertility due to lack of ovulation.
  2. Irregular menstrual cycle.
  3. Increased hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, back, thumbs and/or toes.
  4. Cyst in the ovaries.
  5. Oily skin.
  6. Acne.
  7. Weight gain, usually under the waist.
  8. Thinning of hair.
  9. Skin tags.
  10. Pelvic pain.
  11. Anxiety or depression. 

How to find out if someone has PCOS?

There is no one test which helps to diagnose PCOS. Patient’s medical history, things like menstrual time periods, weight fluctuations and other symptoms are used to diagnose PCOS.

A medical practitioner or expert takes a medical history of the patient and ask various questions about her body. Physical examination, like measuring body mass index and waist size, is an important parameter in determining PCOS.

Hormone and glucose levels in the blood is checked. Moreover, most women who have PCOS are also overweight. Obesity is, also, one of the factors that can lead to hormonal imbalance in women, leading to PCOS. 

It is, therefore, recommended that a female should maintain her body weight, and take care of things like weight circumference, excess body fat, etc. Diet plays a very major role in maintaining a healthy weight and preventing obesity. 

Why is PCOS a common problem?

Most women in India, find out that they have PCOS when they have problems getting pregnant. It is found that between five and ten percent of women between the ages of 15 and 44 have PCOS. Risk of PCOS is higher in women who are obese. Studies have found the link between PCOS and other health problems, like diabetes, high blood pressure and unhealthy cholesterol levels, sleeping problems, depression, anxiety and endometrial cancer. So, PCOS alone is a risk factor to a lot of other lifestyle diseases and often leads to infertility in women. 

Women with PCOS often miss their periods or have fewer periods. In some cases, women stop having periods. Women with PCOS have hair on their face or other body parts where, usually, men have hair. They find difficulty in losing weight. The level of androgen, which is a male hormone, increases in PCOS affected women. Normal women also have male hormone. But, in PCOS, the levels of male hormones increases to levels more than normal. Due to which the release of an egg from the ovary (ovulation) is prevented. This results in symptoms of PCOS, like extra hair growth and acne. 

How to get rid of PCOS?

One of the best ways to deal with PCOS and its symptoms is to correct your lifestyle and eating habits and increase physical activity.

  • Losing that excess weight is really important while treating PCOS, which helps to ease out some symptoms and helps to make your period more regular. Losing weight manages problems like blood sugar levels and the process of ovulation. Cutting down on processed and packaged foods that often have lots of sugar, refined flour, trans fats, preservatives and sodium, as it can lead to more weight gain and hormonal issues. 
  • It is very important for a woman having PCOS to follow a healthy lifestyle and adopt healthy eating habits. Eating a well-balanced diet is extremely important to treat PCOS. In fact, it is one of the most crucial steps toward dealing with PCOS. Limiting the intake of processed food, sugary foods, like candies sweet chocolates carbonated drinks, is a very important step. 
  • Eat natural and fresh food prepared at home.
  • Doctors prescribe birth control pills as a common treatment. Medical treatment is available, but it is best to adopt a healthy lifestyle and a positive approach. 

PCOS is a common problem today. With the sedentary lifestyle, 9 to 5 jobs, smartphones and laptops, a healthy lifestyle has gone far away. Especially, in the pandemic, many of us have adopted an unhealthy lifestyle. The lockdown has led un into the pit of all-night binge-watching, instant food and insomnia. Health and Fitness During COVID19 Outbreak can not be ignored.

We must be considerate towards women dealing with this issue. Being kind is a virtue. Spread love, spread kindness. Stay tuned!