Swachha Bharat Abhiyan is popular by the name of “clean India mission”. It’s initiation five years ago on 2nd October 2014 by our honourable prime minister, Shri Narendra Modi. Swachha Bharat Abhiyan started with the motive of the cleanliness of our nation. To generate awareness among the citizens of the country. Awareness regarding the importance of hygiene, sanitation, and cleanliness.

India has a high population. It is still a developing nation. The main reason behind India lagging behind in the world economy, its filthy image, and lack of cleanliness.

Swachha Bharat Abhiyan

By cleanliness, Swachha Bharat Abhiyan just does not mean cleaning your own house, but the entire nation. Including the roads, railways are subject to society’s negligence. All the public places under the constant use of the general public require regular cleaning. In order to avoid amalgamation of diseases, clogged drains and lack of hygiene. Cleanliness would not only include a better standard of living. But, it will also ensure a change mindset of the people residing in our country.

It’s high time for the citizens to realize that cleanliness should not be restricted to their own personal space. It’s a major concern for the nation.

The problem

Setting up of toilets in various urban and rural areas: The main initiative of the government behind Swachha Bharat Abhiyan.

The problem of sanitation has been around for ages. Especially, in the rural areas that are usually most neglected. The major concern for the Government was to make public toilets in all those areas without habitation to toilet use. India is a cultural heritage and a tourist spot. It is important for a country to present a positive image in front of the outsiders. This is for the citizens and so that the tourists respect our nation. This could instigate their interest in residing within our country.

Cleaning roads and other public places is not just the duty of public workers. It is now a major duty of all citizens of the country. A duty to realize their responsibilities and make sure to clean their areas. People are still spitting around, violating the rules and creating a mess on the roads. they must be charged fine and strict actions must be taken against such irresponsible people.

Swachha Bharat Abhiyan in Facts and Figures

According to a study, it is found that the central government’s incentive for the construction of household toilets were 4,000/household in states and union territories.

India is known for its cultural heritage. Despite knowing the consequences of excreting outside in open areas, people have still not accepted toilets for regular use. Even people who have access to personal toilets or public toilets in their respective areas still don’t use them. They continue to excrete in the open, desecrating the beauty. This clearly proves that just having access to toilets does not solve the problem of open defecation.

According to a survey, it is found that 23% of the population that have toilets facilities. Yet, they still continue to defecate in the open. Including people in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh etc.

Now the main question that arises in our minds, what now? Even after the initiative of making India clean, There has not been enough success. This is because this Swachha Bharat Abhiyan had its pros and cons.

Let’s discuss the barriers

  1. Lack of government funding.
  2. Lack of awareness among the citizens, especially the rural areas.
  3. Poor planning and even poorer implementation. It has only added to the woes of those at the bottom of the social pyramid.
  4. People unable to accept the facilities of public toilets for various reasons.

After looking at the reasons for non-implementation of the government plans. Various measures were taken to better the situation to some extent-

It is found that open defecation had reduced by 26%  in these four years. Four years since the clean India mission was launched. Due to the increased access to in household toilets from 37% in 2014 to 71% in 2018. But the problem has still not yet ended as the government claims. 

Hence, it is our responsibility as citizens of India to nurture our nation and contribute to its cleanliness. Our small step towards creating awareness among people can bring a massive change to the plans initiated by the government.

Even minor contributions matter

  1. Disposing of the waste only in the bins and not on roads.
  2. Ban on spitting on roads and charge fine, if not followed.
  3. Lesser use of plastics.
  4. Promotion of paper bags or jute bags by boycotting plastic packaging.

Plastic is Earth’s biggest enemy. The government takes several measures to discourage plastic usage. We must support the government. We should not ask small scale vendors for plastic carriers.

Even if 30% of people followed the above-mentioned measures, we can easily tackle the problem. Therefore, lead to a better standard of living, as well a clean place to reside. Swachha Bharat Abhiyan would be successful with our support.