When the Monsoon comes, it brings happiness among farmers as they need to grow their crops. It brings happiness among people. After extreme summers, they need a little break and rain to cool down the weather. Every year, half of our country faces floods just after Monsoon rains. Whether it is Bangalore or it is Guwahati, rain sees no location. Rivers are overloaded with water, more than the capacity they can handle. There is water everywhere, on roads, on railway tracks, on fields, etc.
June is the time when Monsoon starts in South-India, followed a little later by East-India. By the time it reaches North-India, it is August. But every year, these floods reoccur when the Monsoon arrives. It destroys livelihoods, it kills people and moreover, it kills many half-led dreams. It kills the hope of people to get a decent Monsoon. People are shattered because whatever they had, everything is lost. People get displaced. They have to rebuild everything from their houses to their settled lives. Animals get affected by it as well. Their lives are lost and they can’t even say anything or do anything. But why do floods reoccur in our country year after year? But why have the frequency of floods in India increased?
Reasons behind recurring floods
There are many reasons for recurring floods. These are:
Lack of proper drainage system:
The drainage system we have in our country is not sufficient to hold water. Rainwater never gets collected or used in a better form, due to the lack of a drainage system. This is one of the major reasons we see floods every year. Our drainage system can’t hold more water, due to its inefficiency. Also, industrial waste is transferred into rivers which pollute and jam it.
Lack of proper embankments:
The embankments which we have are not properly built. Some embankments don’t have good quality materials and it drains away with water. Some weak and some are vulnerable to sedimentation. Embankments force water to flow in a certain way and hence, the city is flooded.
Lack of pre-planning:
Every year floods occur and, most of the time, we don’t know that it will. If the Government starts forecasting about these beforehand, the lives destroyed can be saved. Officials don’t forecast flood situations before and hence people bear it.
Global warming and climate change:
Today, glaciers are melting and we are seeing climate change. The increase in the population has caused the rise of using vehicles, gadgets, and ever-changing building infrastructures leading to global warming. Pollution has also increased, with the rise of the population and the depletion of the ozone layer.
Every development comes with some destruction to the environment. So, when we build a structure, we have to cut trees for it. This way the forest land is decreasing and it results in deforestation. Mining also leads to deforestation and the more we cut trees and clear forests, the less water our land can sustain.
Why is excess Monsoon rain bad?
We do have a scarcity of water most times of the year. But it doesn’t rain every day. It rains some days, but, so heavily that land can’t hold that water, rivers can’t hold water anymore. Why is excess rain or monsoon bad?
When the monsoon is heavy, it affects the lives of human beings and animals and hence, there is a huge amount which goes behind rebuilding everything from leftovers or scratch. Crores are spent on rebuilding the wrecked livelihood.
When it rains heavily, soil erosion takes place which makes land less fertile or even degrades it.
Due to excess monsoon rains, the lives of animals are a lot more adversely affected. Animals are displaced and, some of them, even die due to floods.
Human beings are also vulnerable to excess monsoon.
How can we stop floods?
No more embankments:
What embankments do is, they divert the natural flow of the rivers. So, it’s better to not build any more embankments. And if officials wish to do so, they can observe the flow of the river and build accordingly.
No construction on lower floodplains:
Floodplains are the areas near the rivers which are most affected by floods. With civilization and increased population, people have started living in these areas. We can’t move everyone from there, But, we can stop building anything there. We can plant trees, which will decrease the chances of floods there.
We need better forecasting of floods. so that people are well aware of it and can migrate before the flood arrives in a safer zone.
Monsoon is when the rainy season starts in India. Floods are recurring and it will continue to be. What we can do is plant more trees, help animals to be safe, and build better drainage systems. We should stop diverting the natural flow of rivers.
Let us protect and save our Earth for better lives. Let’s do our bit!